In August 2013, 12-year-old Summer Johnson was struck in the head by a line-drive foul ball while attending a baseball game with her family at Blair Field, located at California State University, Long Beach and hosted by United States Baseball Federation. Summer was sitting along the third baseline, in an area unprotected by safety netting. The incident caused severe injuries, including permanent loss of vision in her left eye. Summer contended that, despite U.S. Baseball’s awareness of the dangers of being struck by a line drive, U.S. Baseball did not install proper protectionsor provide any warnings to fans of the enhanced risk of harm that existed at this particular stadium. U.S. Baseball argued that there is no legal duty to eliminate the inherent risk of being hit by a foul ball while watching a baseball game. The trial court dismissed the case, citing to the “Baseball Rule,” created in 1913, which absolves stadium operators of most liability for foul ball injuries during baseball games, as a matter of law. The Second District Court of Appeal reversed, redefining the standard for spectator safety, by imposing a duty upon stadium owners and sponsors “totake reasonable measures that would increase safety and minimize those risks without altering the nature of the game.” Ultimately, following a total of seven years of litigation, including the three-year appellate process, the attorneys negotiated a policy limits settlement. As a result, stadiums throughout the country, including Blair Field, have increased protective netting for spectators, saving lives and preventing catastrophic injuries. The case has been cited more than 60 times on Westlaw and discussed in several publications, including the Los Angeles Times, Sports Illustrated and Ballpark Digest. Notably, Summer J. is now supporting authority for California Jury Instruction (BAJI) 4.71.